The appearance and use of fireplaces is inseparable from the history of human use of fire. The use of fire is of great significance to the origin of mankind. The history of human use of fire is very long. From the latest excavations of archaeologists, it can be traced back to Africa, 1.5 million years ago, and Yunnan, China, 1.7 million years ago, and the remnants of the fire left in the caves of Beijing’s monks. It is proved that 400,000 years ago, Beijing monks learned how to use fire, they would use fire to illuminate, grill and warm. The use of fire plays an important role in the quality of life and the environment of human beings. The fire was very sacred in ancient times, the ignition of fire and the prosperity of the family, the breeding of livestock was closely related, and the new fire was always ignited from the last embers. Tracing the origin of the fireplace, it is difficult to say what period of style heating and stove facilities are the original shape of the fireplace. When people introduce the fire into the house for barbecue and heating, they naturally form a way of living surrounded by fuel.
From the history of the West, the prototype of the fireplace can be traced back to the ancient Greek and Roman times. The architecture and civilization of that period had a profound influence on Western modern architecture and culture. The architectural and decorative themes of ancient Greece and ancient Rome are always closely related to people's lives. Religious, sports, business and entertainment are reflected in the beautiful design of the roof, walls and floors, and the theme of the use of fire. It will also be reflected in these carvings and murals. In the Middle Ages, the early Christian and Byzantine churches and secular buildings left only a few traces and ruins, making many indoor studies extremely difficult. The castle became the most important form of architecture during the feudal period in Europe. The walls of the rooms in the castle were generally constructed of bare stone. The ground was covered with bare stone or wooden boards. The center of the hall might be a hearth with a fire, and there was a flue on the roof. The fireplace and the chimney are gradually becoming apparent.
The secular architecture built by the sturdy building materials has been preserved since the 16th century, thus witnessing the history of the development of European residential interiors. In medieval houses, the central cooktop is the only facility that heats the house. With the increase in residential rooms and the increasing complexity of functions, the dedicated fire-heating fireplace has been separated from the function of the stove and has become the dominant heating equipment. The re-establishment of the location of the fireplace makes it the center of the interior of the house. At the end of the Dynasty, the central cooktops were generally replaced by fireplaces.
More importantly, the fireplace at this time began to become the core of interior decoration. Until the middle of the 16th century, during the prosperous period of the Renaissance, with the accumulation of social and personal wealth and the widespread spread of classical knowledge, design began to develop from a relatively simple form. Complex and cumbersome style. The fireplace is more and more decorative, with various details of the Renaissance style.
In the West, fireplaces are also closely related to various festivals. On Halloween, the most important ceremony is to ignite the fire. On Christmas morning, the first thing the kids have to do is fly to the fireplace and look for gifts from Santa Claus. In Dorset's Friday, hanging a piece of toast in the fireplace is said to guarantee a bumpy harvest in the coming year.
There is also a magical effect of the fireplace. People sitting next to the fireplace watching the changes in the flames can also predict changes in the weather. If the flames are pale, or if many abnormal Mars or ash is agglomerated, or suddenly there is coal ash falling, It indicates that it is raining; if the flames scream, or if the flue cracks and brings more wind than usual, it indicates that the storm is coming; if the flame burns more violently, it indicates that there will be frost. The flame became a weather forecaster and the fireplace became a medium for connecting indoors and outdoors. From the 16th century to the mid-20th century, the development of fireplaces was on the one hand the history of the use of fire, the new energy: coal, gas and electricity on the fireplace, making the use of the fireplace more efficient, comfortable and convenient. At the same time, the fireplace has always been at the core of the interior decoration style, and has produced a variety of distinctive styles: Renaissance, Baroque, modern style, etc. These fireplaces are closely related to the architectural style and interior style, and become the most indoor style. Important performance components. At the same time, the continuous improvement of the function is reflected in the design of the fireplace, and the fireplace is more and more practical and beautiful. It not only provides physical comfort, but also visual enjoyment.
There is no other invention in human history that combines practicality and aesthetics effectively. A variety of fireplaces convey the concept of life and fashion in people of all ages. The heating function of the indoor space of the fireplace, the practical function of the development of the society condensed on it has gradually relegated to the secondary position, and gradually evolved into a symbol of identity, status and style. The change of social customs, the revolution of materials and technology, is very obvious on the fireplace. The evolution of the fireplace is not only the retraction and representation of the development of production relations and life concepts, but also the container of time residency, carrying precious social information. People from all walks of life live, live and live by the fireplace, and perform wonderful pieces of life. The fireplace is about love, warmth and friendship. When people look at the fireplace, the time traces of staying on the fireplace allow us to read rich historical and cultural information.